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Loss of appetite, nausea, fatigue: signs of pregnancy?
The absence of menstruation, permanent fatigue, nausea and loss of appetite can all announce the happy news. You may be pregnant. However, these symptoms may signal other conditions. It can also be difficult to analyse the signals sent by the body. So, how do you know what the signs of pregnancy are before you take a test? Here's a quick guide to analysing the early symptoms and signs of pregnancy.
The first signs of pregnancy
The signs of pregnancy are often easy to identify. They are usually strong and confusing for a woman undergoing hormonal and body changes. They are also known as the little pains of pregnancy.
The first category of symptoms is those that can be observed or rather visually notified.
- Delayed menstruation: The absence of menstruation, or amenorrhoea, is the clearest sign that there may be a pregnancy. However, this is not a sufficient sign, as many women experience delayed menstruation unrelated to pregnancy. This sign must be confirmed with a positive pregnancy test.
- Bleeding: Although menstruation stops in the event of pregnancy, bleeding may still occur. This is a sign that the fertilised egg has attached itself to the wall of the uterus.
- Acne and skin changes: When a woman is pregnant, she may produce too much sebum. This overproduction can lead to the appearance of pregnancy acne. Moreover, the skin tends to change during pregnancy. Pigmentation fluctuates, the skin around the nipples becomes darker, pigmentation spots may appear on the face and a pigmented line may appear between the pubic area and the navel.
- Weight gain: Some women gain several kilos in the first months of pregnancy. This is often due to cravings.
Physical pain and discomfort
Physical discomfort and pain can also be a sign of pregnancy.
- Nausea: This is perhaps one of the best-known symptoms of pregnancy. Nausea appears 1 month after fertilisation. Most women experience nausea in the morning, but it can occur at any time of the day.
- Uterine cramps: As with menstruation, pregnant women may experience uterine cramps.
- Headaches and blocked nose: In early pregnancy, the mucous membranes of the nose tend to swell, dry and bleed. Headaches can also be triggered by ovulation and oestrogen levels. Along with pregnancy-related fatigue, the pregnant woman may experience many headaches.
- Frequent urination: Frequent urination can be a symptom of pregnancy. This is because the kidneys must filter out more fluid than usual. You need to drink more water when you are pregnant to stay hydrated.
- Tender and swollen breasts: In pregnancy, the breasts become tender and may swell. This is caused by the increased production of hormones. The body must adapt gradually.
- Digestive problems: The digestive system slows down when you are pregnant. Thus, it is possible to feel bloated and constipated. Moreover, the muscles preventing digestive acids from rising become slack. Pregnant women are therefore more likely to experience heartburn and acid reflux.
Pregnant women may also experience particularly strong emotions and sensations. These can be confusing and upsetting for the expectant mother.
- Fatigue: At the beginning of pregnancy and during the 9 months, pregnant women suffer from fatigue. The body does everything it can to support the foetus, especially in early pregnancy, which is why fatigue is strong.
- Heat: Due to the high hormone levels in early pregnancy, the body temperature rises. The body compensates for this by sweating.
- Hypersensitivity to smells and cravings: Hormones cause cravings and changes in taste and smell, which can be annoying, especially when the cravings are for inedible items.
- Rapid heartbeat: The heart beats faster in early pregnancy. This is due to hormones.
- Mood swings: Hormones can also affect mood. Pregnant women can easily go from joy to anxiety and excitement to confusion in just a few moments.
- Dizziness: Finally, fatigue, low blood sugar and stress can cause dizziness.
Do all women show the same signs in the first few days?
The signs described above are those most common in newly pregnant women. However, it is unnecessary to experience all these symptoms to be sure you are pregnant. Similarly, some of these symptoms can be experienced without a pregnancy. Moreover, not all women show the same signs of pregnancy in the first few days.
The symptoms of pregnancy do not all appear simultaneously. In the 1st week, you will not feel the same as in the 2nd, 3rd and so on. Moreover, every pregnancy is unique. It is therefore not advisable to compare yourself to other women.
However, if you feel any pregnancy symptoms, if you suspect you are pregnant, you should take a test. Only a positive pregnancy test and tests confirming that you are pregnant can ensure that you are expecting a child. The self-diagnosis of pregnancy symptoms cannot assure you that you are pregnant.
Other pregnancy symptoms
Other signs of pregnancy appear later but may appear earlier in some women. Moreover, the first signs of pregnancy may continue during the pregnancy. However, most of them diminish. This depends on the individual woman. Here are some other symptoms you may experience:
- A vaginal discharge that is thicker and more colourful than usual. If this is accompanied by itching and pain, you should contact your doctor.
- Cramps in the lower abdomen, caused by contractions or false contractions.
- Back pain: This can be caused by hormonal changes, posture and weight gain.
- Itchy skin due to rapid weight gain.
- Various pains in the body.
These signs and physical changes are usually no cause for concern. However, if they become particularly annoying, painful and especially abnormal, you should not hesitate to consult a gynaecologist or doctor.
The first signs of pregnancy can be tiring. However, the most annoying symptoms tend to diminish as the pregnancy progresses. As the baby grows each month, the body changes and the signs of pregnancy change. If you have any problems, you should consult your doctor.